Pillars of Islaam
Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him said that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said that Islaam is based upon 5 pillars. To:
1. Bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad, peace be upon him, is the Messenger of Allah (Shahaadah);
2. Offer the prescribed five daily prayers (Salaah);
3. Pay the alms to the less wealthy (Zakaah);
4. Observe fast during the month of Ramadhaan (Sawm);
5. Perform pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).
A person who believes in the teachings of Islaam expresses his/her belief by vocalizing the following words:
Ash-hadu Anlaa Ilaaha Illal Laahu Wa Ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan Rasulullaah
This could be translated as:
I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Salaat is one of the five pillars of Islaam. It is prayer of a very high level. The Holy Qur’aan repeatedly enjoins the offering of Salaat and indeed declares it to be a fundamental trait of a believer.
Zakaah (Alms giving) is obligatory act, a part of devotion enjoined upon Muslims by Allah in the Holy Qur’aan. It is a means where the well-off pay a set amount of their wealth to the less wealthy.
Along with Salaat, another important form of worship is fasting. It is obligatory for each Muslim, apart from some exemptions, to fast in the month of Ramadhaan.
The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah is an obligation once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able to perform it.